Tag Archives: reading

Good and Bad Habits of Smart People

IQ or Intelligence Quotient measures your knowledge base against the norm.  For instance, if you are 10 but know what most 12 year olds know, your IQ would be 120, or 12/10.  Therefore, the average is roughly 100.  IQ tends to follow a bell curve with most people being roughly average.  IQ is not a measure of good manners, success, or wisdom.  When I was young I was more peculiar than now.  In Kindergarten I was doing long division and writing in cursive.  I was tested then and often, and scored 168.  I was placed in a special program, and asked to skip high school and go straight to college.  As a small boy who started Kindergarten at 4 and lived in an abusive home, the thought of having normal male desires and being 4’11” and going to college with fully developed women was more than intimidating.  Instead, I stayed in regular school to try to develop social skills.

It was tough, and even today, I can be extremely annoying.  Others say I have had a successful life, but the pressure on smart kids is like this, Teacher and Counselor say to 6 year old – “You can’t be a writer or a stand up comedian, with your brain you have to cure cancer or bring world peace.”  If you think I am exaggerating, I am not.  It is frustrating to be very smart and have such high expectations placed on you.  I wonder if other smart people always feel like failures who fall short of their “gift.”  My wife is very bright as are my kids.  Both my kids were also put in special smart kid programs.  My son is studying bio-chemical engineering right now and often feels the same anxiety and pressure to achieve that I do.

Today, I try to lead my life as just me.  I try to put aside all those years being told I owed the world something great.  I try to just focus on friends, family and writing – all of which I love.  So, when I came across this chart, it talked to me.  I hate to admit it, but yeah…  On Myers Briggs I am an extreme ENTJ.  It tells me I should be an executive, in the military or in politics.  All of which oddly I have done.  Can one change their own stars?  That is what I’ve been trying now for nearly three years.  It has resulted in a decrease in free floating anxiety and my heart rate and blood pressure are back under control, so something is working.

good-habits-of-smart-people

 

IQ Percentile and Rarity Chart

These are IQs, their percentiles, and rarity on a 15 SD (e.g. Wechsler) and 16 SD (e.g. Stanford-Binet) scale.  They were calculated using the NORMDIST function in Excel.  The number of decimal places for the rarity was varied in the hope it might be useful.  You can see why presently nobody should be able to get a deviation IQ higher than 195 (or 201 on the 16 SD scale).  There are not enough people in the world to ‘beat’. Note that rarities given are of people that have a certain IQ or higher. Some people might find it more useful to know the rarity of people that have a certain IQ or lower. In that case use this example as a guide: If you want to know how many people have IQs of 84 or lower, look at the rarity of people that have an IQ of 116 or higher.  (100 – 84 = 16.  100 + 16 = 116).

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

202
99.9999999995%

190,057,377,928

99.9999999908%

10,881,440,294

201
99.9999999992%

119,937,672,336

99.9999999862%

7,252,401,045

200
99.9999999987%

76,017,176,740

99.9999999794%

4,852,159,346

199
99.9999999979%

48,390,420,202

99.9999999693%

3,258,706,819

198
99.9999999968%

30,938,221,975

99.9999999545%

2,196,908,409

197
99.9999999950%

19,866,426,228

99.9999999327%

1,486,736,899

196
99.9999999922%

12,812,462,045

99.9999999010%

1,009,976,678

195
99.9999999880%

8,299,126,114

99.9999998548%

688,720,101

194
99.9999999815%

5,399,067,340

99.9999997879%

471,441,334

193
99.9999999717%

3,527,693,270

99.9999996913%

323,940,499

192
99.9999999568%

2,314,980,850

99.9999995524%

223,436,817

191
99.9999999345%

1,525,765,721

99.9999993536%

154,701,783

190
99.9999999010%

1,009,976,678

99.9999990699%

107,519,234

189
99.9999998511%

671,455,130

99.9999986669%

75,011,253

188
99.9999997770%

448,336,263

99.9999980964%

52,530,944

187
99.9999996674%

300,656,786

99.9999972920%

36,927,646

186
99.9999995062%

202,496,482

99.9999961624%

26,057,620

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

185
99.9999992699%

136,975,305

99.9999945820%

18,457,107

184
99.9999989254%

93,056,001

99.9999923799%

13,123,126

183
99.9999984250%

63,492,548

99.9999893231%

9,366,012

182
99.9999977016%

43,508,721

99.9999850966%

6,709,882

181
99.9999966604%

29,943,596

99.9999792755%

4,825,216

180
99.9999951684%

20,696,863

99.9999712895%

3,483,046

179
99.9999930398%

14,367,357

99.9999603760%

2,523,720

178
99.9999900166%

10,016,587

99.9999455198%

1,835,530

177
99.9999857417%

7,013,455

99.9999253755%

1,340,043

176
99.9999797237%

4,931,877

99.9998981672%

982,001

175
99.9999712895%

3,483,046

99.9998615605%

722,337

174
99.9999595211%

2,470,424

99.9998125011%

533,337

173
99.9999431733%

1,759,737

99.9997470088%

395,271

172
99.9999205647%

1,258,887

99.9996599197%

294,048

171
99.9998894360%

904,454

99.9995445629%

219,569

170
99.9998467663%

652,598

99.9993923584%

164,571

169
99.9997885357%

472,893

99.9991923180%

123,811

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

168
99.9997094213%

344,141

99.9989304314%

93,496

167
99.9996024097%

251,515

99.9985889129%

70,867

166
99.9994583047%

184,606

99.9981452833%

53,917

165
99.9992651083%

136,074

99.9975712563%

41,174

164
99.9990072440%

100,730

99.9968313965%

31,560

163
99.9986645903%

74,883

99.9958815099%

24,281

162
99.9982112841%

55,906

99.9946667250%

18,750

161
99.9976142490%

41,916

99.9931192192%

14,533

160
99.9968313965%

31,560

99.9911555410%

11,307

159
99.9958094411%

23,863

99.9886734737%

8,829

158
99.9944812644%

18,120

99.9855483883%

6,920

157
99.9927627566%

13,817

99.9816290270%

5,443

156
99.9905490555%

10,581

99.9767326626%

4,298

155
99.9877101029%

8,137

99.9706395788%

3,406

154
99.9840854286%

6,284

99.9630868216%

2,709

153
99.9794780761%

4,873

99.9537611786%

2,163

152
99.9736475807%

3,795

99.9422913506%

1,733

151
99.9663019177%

2,968

99.9282392963%

1,394

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

150
99.9570883466%

2,330

99.9110907427%

1,125

149
99.9455830880%

1,838

99.8902448799%

911

148
99.9312797919%

1,455

99.8650032777%

741

147
99.9135767802%

1,157

99.8345580959%

604

146
99.8917630764%

924

99.7979796890%

495

145
99.8650032777%

741

99.7542037453%

407

144
99.8323213712%

596

99.7020181412%

336

143
99.7925836483%

482

99.6400497338%

278

142
99.7444809358%

391

99.5667513617%

231

141
99.6865104294%

319

99.4803893690%

192

140
99.6169574875%

261

99.3790320141%

161

139
99.5338778217%

215

99.2605391688%

135

138
99.4350805958%

177

99.1225537500%

114

137
99.3181130218%

147

98.9624953632%

96

136
99.1802471131%

122

98.7775566587%

82

135
99.0184693146%

102

98.5647029151%

70

134
98.8294737819%

85

98.3206753694%

60

133
98.6096601092%

72

98.0419987942%

51

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

132
98.3551363216%

61

97.7249937964%

44

131
98.0617279292%

52

97.3657942589%

38

130
97.7249937964%

44

96.9603702812%

33

129
97.3402495072%

38

96.5045568849%

29

128
96.9025987934%

32

95.9940886433%

25

127
96.4069734486%

28

95.4246402670%

22

126
95.8481819706%

24

94.7918730337%

19

125
95.2209669590%

21

94.0914867949%

17

124
94.5200710546%

18

93.3192771207%

15

123
93.7403109348%

16

92.4711969715%

13

122
92.8766585983%

14

91.5434221090%

12

121
91.9243288744%

12

90.5324192858%

11

120
90.8788718026%

11

89.4350160914%

9

119
89.7362682436%

10

88.2484711894%

9

118
88.4930268282%

9

86.9705435536%

8

117
87.1462801289%

8

85.5995592220%

7

116
85.6938777630%

7

84.1344740241%

6

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

115
84.1344740241%

6.30297414356

82.5749307167%

5.7388581000

114
82.4676075848%

5.70372814115

80.9213089868%

5.2414497373

113
80.6937708458%

5.17967538878

79.1747668425%

4.8018670064

112
78.8144666062%

4.72020213705

77.3372720270%

4.4125314534

111
76.8322499196%

4.31634490415

75.4116222443%

4.0669620824

110
74.7507532660%

3.96051419092

73.4014531849%

3.7596038872

109
72.5746935061%

3.64626736341

71.3112335745%

3.4856849025

108
70.3098594977%

3.36812148102

69.1462467364%

3.2410967685

107
67.9630797074%

3.12139865776

66.9125584538%

3.0222947235

106
65.5421696587%

2.90209798497

64.6169712244%

2.8262136810

105
63.0558595794%

2.70678919205

62.2669653200%

2.6501976543

104
60.5137031432%

2.53252414027

59.8706273779%

2.4919402788

103
57.9259687167%

2.37676298063

57.4365675495%

2.3494345790

102
55.3035150084%

2.23731239758

54.9738265155%

2.2209304558

101
52.6576534466%

2.11227383685

52.4917739192%

2.1048986302

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

100
49.9999999782%

1.99999999913

49.9999999782%

1.9999999991

99
47.3423465534%

1.89905917668

47.5082260808%

1.9050604034

98
44.6964849916%

1.80820333002

45.0261734845%

1.8190474693

97
42.0740312833%

1.72634143572

42.5634324505%

1.7410511155

96
39.4862968568%

1.65251826951

40.1293726221%

1.6702681161

95
36.9441404206%

1.58589543727

37.7330346800%

1.6059880144

94
34.4578303413%

1.52573527121

35.3830287756%

1.5475810473

93
32.0369202926%

1.47138711828

33.0874415462%

1.4944877660

92
29.6901405023%

1.42227563409

30.8537532636%

1.4462100941

91
27.4253064939%

1.37789076562

28.6887664255%

1.4023036061

90
25.2492467340%

1.33777916116

26.5985468151%

1.3623708477

89
23.1677500804%

1.30153679093

24.5883777557%

1.3260555472

88
21.1855333938%

1.26880259813

22.6627279730%

1.2930375921

87
19.3062291542%

1.23925302972

20.8252331575%

1.2630286642

86
17.5323924152%

1.21259732068

19.0786910132%

1.2357684429

85
15.8655259759%

1.18857342558

17.4250692833%

1.2110213007

84
14.3061222370%

1.16694450771

15.8655259759%

1.1885734256

83
12.8537198711%

1.14749590978

14.4004407780%

1.1682303146

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

82
11.5069731718%

1.13003254137

13.0294564464%

1.1498145914

81
10.2637317564%

1.11437662784

11.7515288106%

1.1331641064

80
9.1211281974%

1.10036577278

10.5649839086%

1.1181302847

79
8.0756711256%

1.08785129274

9.4675807142%

1.1045766896

78
7.1233414017%

1.07669678808

8.4565778910%

1.0923777776

77
6.2596890652%

1.06677691809

7.5288030285%

1.0814178174

76
5.4799289454%

1.05797635237

6.6807228793%

1.0715899553

75
4.7790330410%

1.05018887325

5.9085132051%

1.0627954070

74
4.1518180294%

1.04331660699

5.2081269663%

1.0549427583

73
3.5930265514%

1.03726936365

4.5753597330%

1.0479473616

72
3.0974012066%

1.03196406748

4.0059113567%

1.0417308129

71
2.6597504928%

1.02732426212

3.4954431151%

1.0362204981

70
2.2750062036%

1.02327967611

3.0396297188%

1.0313491967

69
1.9382720708%

1.01976583639

2.6342057411%

1.0270547348

68
1.6448636784%

1.01672371917

2.2750062036%

1.0232796761

67
1.3903398908%

1.01409942889

1.9580012058%

1.0199710454

66
1.1705262181%

1.01184389811

1.6793246306%

1.0170800762

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

65
0.9815306854%

1.00991260208

1.4352970849%

1.0145619785

64
0.8197528869%

1.00826528377

1.2224433413%

1.0123757196

63
0.6818869782%

1.006865686

1.0375046368%

1.0104838164

62
0.5649194042%

1.00568128874

0.8774462500%

1.0088521352

61
0.4661221783%

1.00468305052

0.7394608312%

1.0074496959

60
0.3830425125%

1.0038451537

0.6209679859%

1.0062484809

59
0.3134895706%

1.00314475418

0.5196106310%

1.0052232469

58
0.2555190642%

1.00256173637

0.4332486383%

1.0043513385

57
0.2074163517%

1.00207847461

0.3599502662%

1.0036125059

56
0.1676786288%

1.00167960262

0.2979818588%

1.0029887244

55
0.1349967223%

1.0013517921

0.2457962547%

1.0024640190

54
0.1082369236%

1.00108354203

0.2020203110%

1.0020242926

53
0.0864232198%

1.00086497974

0.1654419041%

1.0016571607

52
0.0687202081%

1.00068767465

0.1349967223%

1.0013517921

51
0.0544169120%

1.0005444654

0.1097551201%

1.0010987571

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

50
0.0429116534%

1.00042930075

0.0889092573%

1.0008898838

49
0.0336980823%

1.00033709442

0.0717607037%

1.0007181224

48
0.0263524193%

1.00026359366

0.0577086494%

1.0005774197

47
0.0205219239%

1.00020526136

0.0462388214%

1.0004626021

46
0.0159145714%

1.00015917105

0.0369131784%

1.0003692681

45
0.0122898971%

1.00012291408

0.0293604212%

1.0002936904

44
0.0094509445%

1.00009451838

0.0232673374%

1.0002327275

43
0.0072372434%

1.00007237767

0.0183709730%

1.0001837435

42
0.0055187356%

1.0000551904

0.0144516117%

1.0001445370

41
0.0041905589%

1.00004190735

0.0113265263%

1.0001132781

40
0.0031686035%

1.00003168704

0.0088444590%

1.0000884524

39
0.0023857510%

1.00002385808

0.0068807808%

1.0000688125

38
0.0017887159%

1.00001788748

0.0053332750%

1.0000533356

37
0.0013354097%

1.00001335428

0.0041184901%

1.0000411866

36
0.0009927560%

1.00000992766

0.0031686035%

1.0000316870

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

35
0.0007348917%

1.00000734897

0.0024287437%

1.0000242880

34
0.0005416953%

1.00000541698

0.0018547167%

1.0000185475

33
0.0003975903%

1.00000397592

0.0014110871%

1.0000141111

32
0.0002905787%

1.0000029058

0.0010695686%

1.0000106958

31
0.0002114643%

1.00000211465

0.0008076820%

1.0000080769

30
0.0001532337%

1.00000153234

0.0006076416%

1.0000060765

29
0.0001105640%

1.00000110564

0.0004554371%

1.0000045544

28
0.0000794353%

1.00000079435

0.0003400803%

1.0000034008

27
0.0000568267%

1.00000056827

0.0002529912%

1.0000025299

26
0.0000404789%

1.00000040479

0.0001874989%

1.0000018750

25
0.0000287105%

1.00000028711

0.0001384395%

1.0000013844

24
0.0000202763%

1.00000020276

0.0001018328%

1.0000010183

23
0.0000142583%

1.00000014258

0.0000746245%

1.0000007462

22
0.0000099834%

1.00000009983

0.0000544802%

1.0000005448

21
0.0000069602%

1.0000000696

0.0000396240%

1.0000003962

20
0.0000048317%

1.00000004832

0.0000287105%

1.0000002871

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

19
0.0000033396%

1.0000000334

0.0000207245%

1.0000002072

18
0.0000022984%

1.00000002298

0.0000149034%

1.0000001490

17
0.0000015750%

1.00000001575

0.0000106769%

1.0000001068

16
0.0000010746%

1.00000001075

0.0000076201%

1.0000000762

15
0.0000007301%

1.0000000073

0.0000054180%

1.0000000542

14
0.0000004938%

1.00000000494

0.0000038376%

1.0000000384

13
0.0000003326%

1.00000000333

0.0000027080%

1.0000000271

12
0.0000002230%

1.00000000223

0.0000019036%

1.0000000190

11
0.0000001489%

1.00000000149

0.0000013331%

1.0000000133

10
0.0000000990%

1.00000000099

0.0000009301%

1.0000000093

9
0.0000000655%

1.00000000066

0.0000006464%

1.0000000065

8
0.0000000432%

1.00000000043

0.0000004476%

1.0000000045

7
0.0000000283%

1.00000000028

0.0000003087%

1.0000000031

6
0.0000000185%

1.00000000019

0.0000002121%

1.0000000021

IQ
15 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

16 SD Percentile

Rarity: 1/X

5
0.0000000120%

1.00000000012

0.0000001452%

1.0000000015

4
0.0000000078%

1.00000000008

0.0000000990%

1.0000000010

3
0.0000000050%

1.00000000005

0.0000000673%

1.0000000007

2
0.0000000032%

1.00000000003

0.0000000455%

1.0000000005

1
0.0000000021%

1.00000000002

0.0000000307%

1.0000000003

 

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Reasons Readers Stop Reading a Book

My fellow authors and writers – this infographic can be instructional for you.  The number one reason readers toss books aside – SLOW OR BORING.  Yep, you have to hook them in the first few chapters.  See below for more good statistical information:

reasons people stop reading a book

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1874 – Cincinnati Public Library – Impressive!

Today, we have that many books available on our phone through Kindle.  Makes you think what the next hundred years will bring.  As an author, I hope future generations care about reading as much as those in Cincinnati obviously did in 1874.

1874:

Interior of the Public Library of Cincinnati

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Amazon Buys Goodreads

Amazon purchase of Goodreads stuns book industry

Alarm from Authors’ Guild, and many Goodreads users, over ‘shocking vertical integration’ but at least one writer declares move ‘cool’

Goodreads

Goodreads news, bad news? The Goodreads website

“Truly devastating” for some authors but “like finding out my mom is marrying that cool dude next door that I’ve been palling around with” for another, Amazon’s announcement late last week that it was buying the hugely popular reader review site Goodreads has sent shockwaves through the book industry.

The acquisition, terms of which Amazon.com did not reveal, will close in the second quarter of this year. Goodreads, founded in 2007, has more than 16m members, who have added more than four books per second to their “want to read” shelves over the past 90 days, according to Amazon. The internet retailer’s vice president of Kindle content, Russ Grandinetti, said the two sites “share a passion for reinventing reading”.

“Goodreads has helped change how we discover and discuss books and, with Kindle, Amazon has helped expand reading around the world. In addition, both Amazon and Goodreads have helped thousands of authors reach a wider audience and make a better living at their craft. Together we intend to build many new ways to delight readers and authors alike,” said Grandinetti, announcing the buy. Goodreads co-founder Otis Chandler said the deal with Amazon meant “we’re now going to be able to move faster in bringing the Goodreads experience to millions of readers around the world”, adding on his blog that “we have no plans to change the Goodreads experience and Goodreads will continue to be the wonderful community we all cherish”.

But despite Chandler’s reassurances, many readers and authors reacted negatively to the news. American writers’ organisation the Authors’ Guild called the acquisition a “truly devastating act of vertical integration” which meant that “Amazon’s control of online bookselling approaches the insurmountable”. Bestselling legal thriller author Scott Turow, president of the Guild, said it was “a textbook example of how modern internet monopolies can be built”.

“The key is to eliminate or absorb competitors before they pose a serious threat,” said Turow. “With its 16 million subscribers, Goodreads could easily have become a competing online bookseller, or played a role in directing buyers to a site other than Amazon. Instead, Amazon has scuttled that potential and also squelched what was fast becoming the go-to venue for online reviews, attracting far more attention than Amazon for those seeking independent assessment and discussion of books. As those in advertising have long known, the key to driving sales is controlling information.”

Turow was joined in his concerns by members of Goodreads, many of whom expressed their fears about what the deal would mean on Chandler’s blog. “I have to admit I’m not entirely thrilled by this development,” wrote one of the more level-headed commenters. “As a general rule I like Amazon, but unless they take an entirely 100% hands-off attitude toward Goodreads I find it hard to believe this will be in the best interest for the readers. There are simply too many ways they can interfere with the neutral Goodreads experience and/or try to profit from the strictly volunteer efforts of Goodreads users.”

But not all authors were against the move. Hugh Howey, author of the smash hit dystopian thriller Wool – which took off after he self-published it via Amazon – said it was “like finding out my mom is marrying that cool dude next door that I’ve been palling around with”. While Howey predicted “a lot of hand-wringing over the acquisition”, he said there were “so many ways this can be good for all involved. I’m still trying to think of a way it could suck.”

“Right now, I spend a lot of time on both sites in both capacities,” said Howey. “My guess is that we won’t see many changes at all. I’m betting that the real acquisition here is all the data behind the scenes. The algorithms that tell me what to buy (and almost always nail it) are going to get better. The social networks that feed my reading habit are going to get stronger. The people who helped make Goodreads awesome are going to get richer. And the people at Amazon, who I have gotten to know this past year and who to a man and woman love the fuck out of some books, are going to keep trying to get the right ones in the hands of readers.”

The acquisition of Goodreads follows Amazon’s purchase of Shelfari, another social reading site, in 2008.

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Writing – Is it Creative?

Most people think as an author and a magazine columnist that I create new things and new stories.  Oddly, the answer is yes and no.  We are the sum of our neural connections and memories.  I do not believe you can create anything new.  All you can do is take what is already in your head, and mix and match it into something new.  A good friend and fellow author disagreed with me.  In fact, he intentionally made up a name at random and put it in his story.  He was very proud to “prove me wrong.”  That week, he made the same turn he always did on his way home and noticed a small sign – with his entirely random name on it.  He changed the name in his story – to another random one, and went on his way, maybe a little more interested in my theory.

Throughout history, their are certain motifs, stories, and character archetypes which have been laid down in verbal tradition, through religion, stories, movies, TV, pretty much every interaction you have with your fellow man.  Here it is in the Bible:

Ecclesiastes 1:9

New International Version (NIV)

 What has been will be again,
what has been done will be done again;
there is nothing new under the sun.

So how then do you come up with “new” ideas if there is nothing “new”?  Stephen King in On Writing said as an author you should at least as much time reading as you do writing.  The more inputs you have, the more combinations can be made.  I have read at least one book a week since I was twelve.  I estimate I have read around 4,000 books.  I watch movies, I travel to new places, try new things, eat new foods.  People you meet, movies you see, conversations you have, failures and successes in careers all stay inside that grey matter in magical ways.

right left brain garden

So, in my own opinion, the only way to be “creative” in your writing, is to constantly explore, learn and put more little bits of potential into your head.  Mine usually come together best in that twilight moment of falling asleep.  I have written chapters, even entire books in my head as I drift off.  For some reason, for me, that is the time when all those life bits and memories swirl around in a big ocean and rejoin to make original patterns out of old data.

Writing is creative for sure.  Writing is even original to everyone else who reads it, because they do not share all the bits and pieces that you do in your brain.  They see with a different collection of fragments floating in their ocean.  But to me, as a writer, I know everything I write came from somewhere else, even if I don’t know what strange combination floated together.

child Head

Having indulged my philosophical side, here is a list of common Character Archetypes used in literature, compiled at Listology:

Character archetypes

 Submitted by diaskeaus on Wed, 02/15/2006 – 02:24
  1. Willing Hero — King Arthur; Leelu from The Fifth Element; Hercules
  2. Unwilling Hero — Bilbo Baggins from The Hobbitt, Phillipe Gaston from Ladyhawke
  3. Cynical Anti-hero — Han Solo from Star Wars
  4. Tragic Anti-hero –Lestat from Ann Rices’ Vampire Chronicles; Darth Vader from Star Wars
  5. Group-oriented Hero — CuChulainn from Irish myth.
  6. Loner Hero –Indiana Jones, Xena from Xena: Warrior Princess
  7. Catalyst Hero — Any mentor (s/he’s the hero of their own stories)
  8. Dark Mentor — anti-heroic character, the inversion of heroic values
  9. Fallen Mentor — characters who are having difficulty with their own heroic journey
  10. Continuing Mentor — recurring characters in a series of stories
  11. Multiple Mentors — a hero may have more than one Mentor, learning a new skill from each one
  12. Comic Mentor — often a type of advising sidekick to the Hero
  13. Shaman — helper who aids the Hero in seeking a guiding vision to help him/her on the journey
  14. The Herald — Herald characters issue challenges and announce the coming of significant change
  15. The Threshold Guardian — Threshold Guardians protect the Special World and its secrets from the Hero, and provide essential tests to prove a Hero’s commitment and worth
  16. Shapeshifter — The Shapeshifter’s mask misleads the Hero by hiding a character’s intentions and loyalties
  17. Trickster — Tricksters relish the disruption of the status quo, turning the Ordinary World into chaos with their quick turns of phrase and physical antics
  18. Fool — In Europe, the court jester was not necessarily a simpleton, and in fact, often served to remind the monarch of his own folly and humanity
  19. Shadow — the Shadow represents the energy of the dark side, the unexpressed, unrealized, or rejected aspects of something
  20. The Anima/Animus — form generally reflects either the condition or the needs of our soul presently
  21. The Divine Couple — The opposites of the outer and the inner life are now joined in marriage
  22. The Child — The Child Archetype is a pattern related to the hope and promise for new beginnings
  23. The Self — The Spirit descends as a Dove upon Jesus in the wilderness (example), true self
  24. The Magician — He once was ignorant but through the experience of taking the Fool’s “step of faith” over the edge and into the unknown he has made a decision to master the Four Elements and therefore seek to balance his personal Karma
  25. The Virgin/Maiden/High Priestess — She is the guardian of the Mystery Temple of Solomon; Protectress of the Secret Wisdom that lifts human consciousness from the depths of materialism to the heights of illumination
  26. The Empress — She is the image of Fertility; the creative Life Force that perpetuates the continuity of life forms on the planet; She is Mother Nature; guardian of the natural process and rhythms of growth and procreation
  27. The Authority/Emperor (King, Chief, Leader) — He is the representative image of Father Time; in charge of the seed and the withdrawal of the Life Force when the period of Life is done
  28. The Medicine Woman/Hierophant — This Archetypal Figure represents the external Form and function of the internal Mysteries; The Hierophant stands as a barrier to those who are yet unable to comprehend the True creative Life principles and therefore the External Teaching is all that they receive. However, if they can pass beyond the Form via choice to join the Spirit of Illumination radiating from within their Souls then the High Priestess is waiting to reveal the heretofore hidden Mysteries inscribed in the Scroll she is holding in reserve for those who are truly ready
  29. The Hermit — His search has led him to the Summit of his own perfection. Now, from this great height he can see 360 degrees without obscuration. His Lantern is held high as an inspiration to all who aspire to attain the Wisdom which he has come to realize during the process of his own Soul journey. The isolation and abstinence image sometimes given to the Hermit is one of the past; a glimpse of his travels through the physical and emotional wasteland where the misrepresentations of life as seen through the perception of the Physical Plane have been experienced and eventually transcended. This Archetype passed through a period of solitude and alienation during this walk through the proverbial “Valley of the Shadow of Death” that could have driven him Mad had it not been for the Light in his Lantern penetrating the Darkness and illuminating his Soul thus granting him hope of deliverance. The Hermit has indeed been carried through this initiatory Journey via his unwavering Faith in the Universal Source who Teaches and Guides all of us internally. The Lantern which he carries symbolizes his inner Vision provided via his “Third Eye” (Candle) which grants this Archetypal traveler a keen sense of Spiritual insight
  30. The Wanderer (aka chariot) — An invisible barrier stands between the mind of Man and the Mind of God, and this blinds the Charioteer, thus preventing his conscious realization of union with the Source, Victory in the material sense, on all levels. Mastery of the Elements, but not the Spirit which Guides them, therefore the Chariot rides in service to a higher authority even though the driver might presume that he is in complete control
  31. The Hunter/ Strongman (strength) — The senses of sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch are directed by the sixth sense, intuition, thus resulting in perfect Harmony
  32. The Judge (law, justice) — The Dispensation of punishments and rewards according to the precepts of Karmic Law, which is represented on the Physical Plane by external legal systems: lawyers, courts, prisons, etc. However, it is the Spiritual workings of an involuntary nature of which this Archetype speaks
  33. The Weaver — Temperance, i.e. the balanced management of Life taking all things in moderation, is the means of maintaining steady progress during humanity’s long Search through Limitations of material existence for eventual Transformation into Divine Beings of Light
  34. Death (personification) — Transformation via Dramatic Change, as symbolized by the image of physical Life being terminated and the Afterlife commencing. Therefore, a sudden pole reversal occurs, i.e. orientation or circumstances change is indicated. That which was the order of things has been totally shattered
  35. The Sacred Messenger/ The Giver
  36. The Hanged Man (meditation, suspension) — Its symbolism points to divinity, linking it to the death of Christ in Christianity and the stories of Osiris (Egyptian mythology) and Mithras (Roman mythology). In all of these stories, the destruction of self brings life to humanity.
  37. The Devil — The Devil is both the Ur-Adversary, and a tremendous source of strength. He represents nearly an inexhaustible source of energy. Battling him gives us strength. Submitting completely to him is ego-death.
  38. The Unity of the Universe — continually changing universe. Here is the supreme unity of attainment and joy ruled by that incalculable factor – the element of luck; This ultimately manifests as the spiral progression of the unfolding Universe. The counterbalance of Night and Day, and to a greater extent passage of the Seasons, is indicated. However, more importantly, the Cycle of birth, death, and rebirth is depicted here. This is symbolic of the proverbial “Phoenix Principle.”
  39. The Sacrificial Dance
  40. The Tower (Babel, falsity)
  41. The Star(s) — People have always looked to the stars as a source of inspiration and hope. There is something about their twinkling light that draws us out of ourselves and up into a higher plane. When we turn our eyes heavenward, we no longer feel the distress of earth. The Star reminds one of the clear, high voice of a soprano. There is something otherworldly about it. All the harshness and density of everyday life has been refined away leaving only the purest essence. After being exposed to the Star, we feel uplifted and blessed.
  42. The Moon — The Moon is the light of this realm – the world of shadow and night. Although this place is awesome, it does not have to be frightening. In the right circumstances, the Moon inspires and enchants. It holds out the promise that all one can imagine can be obtained. The Moon guides one to the unknown so one can allow the unusual into one’s life.
  43. The Sun — Throughout history, people have honored the Sun as the source of light and warmth. In the myths of many cultures, the Sun is a prominent god – full of vigor and courage. He is the vital energy center that makes life on earth possible.
  44. The Spirit World
  45. The World — The World represents an ending to a cycle of life, a pause in life before the next big cycle beginning with the fool. The figure is at once male and female, above and below, suspended between the heavens and the earth. It is completeness.
  46. Übermensch — An Übermensch, (sometimes “Overman”, or “superman”) is a term coined by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, in Thus Spoke Zarathustra (in German, Also sprach Zarathustra). He argues that a man can become an Übermensch (homo superior; the common equivalent English translation would be ‘super-human’; see below) through the following steps: 1. By his will to power, manifested destructively in the rejection of, and rebellion against, societal ideals and moral codes; 2. By his will to power, manifested creatively in overcoming nihilism and re-evaluating old ideals or creating new ones. 3. By a continual process of self-overcoming.
  47. Wise Old Man — In works of fiction, this kind of character is typically represented by a kind and wise, older father-type figure who uses personal knowledge of people and the world, to help tell stories and offer guidance, that in a mystical way illuminate to his audience a sense of who they are and who they might become.
  48. The Puer Aeternus — (Latin for “eternal boy”), e.g. Peter Pan
  1. Enneagrams:minor archetypes
  2. One: Reformer, Critic, Perfectionist [Anger]. This type focuses on integrity. Ones can be wise, discerning and inspiring in their quest for the truth. They also tend to dissociate themselves from their flaws and can become hypocritical and hyper-critical of others, seeking the illusion of virtue to hide their own vices. The One’s greatest fear is to be flawed and their ultimate goal is perfection.
  3. Two: Helper, Giver, Caretaker [Pride]. Twos, at their best, are compassionate, thoughtful and astonishingly generous; they can also be prone to passive-aggressive behavior, clinginess and manipulation. Twos want, above all, to be loved and needed and fear being unworthy of love.
  4. Three: Achiever, Performer, Succeeder [Deceit]. Highly adaptable and changeable. Some walk the world with confidence and unstinting authenticity; others wear a series of public masks, acting the way they think will bring them approval and losing track of their true self. Threes fear being worthless and strive to be worthwhile.
  5. Four: Romantic, Individualist, Artist [Envy]. Driven by a fear that they have no identity or personal significance, Fours embrace individualism and are often profoundly creative. However, they have a habit of withdrawing to internalize, searching desperately inside themselves for something they never find and creating a spiral of depression. The angsty musician or tortured artist is often a stereotypical Four.
  6. Five: Observer, Thinker, Investigator [Avarice]. Believing they are only worth what they contribute, Fives have learned to withdraw, to watch with keen eyes and speak only when they can shake the world with their observations. Sometimes they do just that. Often, instead, they withdraw from the world, becoming reclusive hermits and fending off social contact with abrasive cynicism. Fives fear incompetency or uselessness and want to be capable above all else.
  7. Six: Loyalist, Devil’s Advocate, Defender [Fear]. Sixes long for stability above all else. They exhibit unwavering loyalty and responsibility, but are prone to extreme anxiety and passive-aggressive behavior. Their greatest fear is to lack support and guidance. There are two types of sixes, phobic and counter phobic. Phobic sixes will have a tendency to run from or hide from what they fear, while a counter phobic six is more likely to attack or confront said fear.
  8. Seven: Enthusiast, Adventurer, Materialist [Gluttony]. Eternal Peter Pans, Sevens flit from one activity to another. Above all they fear being unable to provide for themselves. At their best they embrace life for its varied joys and wonders and truly live in the moment; but at their worst they dash frantically from one new experience to another, being too scared of disappointment to enjoy what they have.
  9. Eight: Leader, Protector, Challenger [Lust]. Eights worry about self-protection and control. Natural leaders, capable and passionate but also manipulative, ruthless and willing to destroy anything and everything in their way. Eights seek control over their own life and their own destiny and fear being harmed or controlled by others.
  10. Nine: Mediator, Peacemaker, Preservationist [Sloth]. Nines are ruled by their empathy. At their best they are perceptive, receptive, gentle, calming and at peace with the world. On the other hand they prefer to dissociate from conflicts and indifferently go along with others’ wishes or simply withdraw, acting via inaction. They fear the conflict caused by their ability to simultaneously understand opposing points of view and seek peace of mind above all else.
  11. RPG Archetypes:
  12. (taken from Foxfire and Afira’s Guide to Roleplaying, http://www.angelfire.com/tx/afira/archetypes.html)
  13. The Scholar: The scholar is perhaps the most underestimated type of individual that exists in character building. He can be extremely calculating, highly intelligent, rational, an excellent strategist, and extraordinarily… vain. After all, he has all this excess intelligence, why not spend a little on himself? Scholars are guided by the pursuit of knowledge and the usage and implimentation thereof. This can range from the trivial, to the extensive knowledge and inner workings of political culture, computer design, or magic lore. Of course, like the rest of the archetypes, he comes in many forms. Usually the stereotypical scholar spends 10 years in hermitville studying on his choosen craft, he wears the scholarly glasses, the slightly balding head with a bit of wildly unmanagable tufts of hair sticking out, the plain and unassuming clothes of someone living on the edge of financial existance, however, as roleplaying of this character becomes divergent from the typical Hollywood influences, many new types are becomming apparent. Jesters and technology or weapons gurus also fit into this catergory. Jesters for their high levels of intelligence and strong usage of, and technology or weapons gurus for the same reasons.
  14. The Soldier: Strong, willful, and looking for a fight, whether it be for profit, or to avenge the death of a loved one. One type of soldier encompasses those who seek to do justice in an evil and dark world: The rugged heroes who are strong in arm and wit, but have some fatal character flaw (dealing with the death of a loved one, pride or vanity, a weakness for damsels in distress…) that will be the end of them if they don’t figure out how to solve it. Another type refers to those who always use sheer force to solve any problem. Big, hairy, and usually extraordinarily stupid, these individuals are almost always hopeless at accomplishing complex tasks. Still others might seek to cause destruction or chaos to appease a higher entity or leader. Persons of action, and extreme calculation, these people tend to make fantastic villains. Overall, the soldier class of characters seek to force their will on the world, directly, or indirectly.
  15. The Politician: The politician archetype usually encompasses the most diverse groupings of individuals: Poets, Rogues, and of course, Politicians. The Poet is the hopeless romantic that is usually more skilled with his instrument of choice, rather than sheer brute force. The instrument can range from musical lyres, lutes, and the like, to the musical sound an axe or gun makes when going through flesh. They are socially capable of holding conversations, but most people tend to view them as lost or dreamy souls. They tend to be stereotyped with the thin, wiry, tall, and dreamy; however, the jovial, heavy-set drunkard leaning on a wall with his mug of ale is just as susceptible to being a Poet. A Rogue is the strongly misunderstood man of the moment. Usually an attention getter striving to better himself at his trade or skill, the rogue is a drifter, never really settling down with someone or something. This could be caused by profession, reputation, or self-inflicted torture. Impulsive activity mixes with the common traits of exceptionally specialized skills in one or more areas, high levels of reflex, agility, and intelligence. They could potentially be very dangerous given the right circumstances, or alignment, for example, the Great Rogue himself-Robin Hood. Politicians are exactly as their name implies-great talkers who love to listen to the sound of their own voice. Rather than facing conflict, they seek to beguile, distract, and utilize words to walk around it. Usually they are highly intelligent with strong social skills, specifically dominate, persuade, or manipulate.
  16. The Priest: Priests, Clerics, Necromancers, Fortune-tellers, Mediums, and anything else dealing with the spiritual and supernatural world fall into this genre. These types of characters usually come in the most unlimited range of styles, body types, and personalities, as the effects of dealing with the spiritual or supernatural may have odd effects on someone’s psyche and physical appearence. Your average neighborhood Catholic Priest heavy in the midsection, could mingle with your thin teenage punk kid who has more than a few run-ins with walking zombies-and won. These individuals are either guided, aided, cursed, or replused by an driving force in their lives, and a sense that something bigger than them exists. Hunters that seek out supernatural creatures to kill for their own means portray aspects of the priest as well, as they seek to impose a vision of the world without those creatures. The priest is above all a visionary-he can see something that no one else can, and through his faith-in himself, or something higher-everything he sees will be accomplished.
  17. Combinations: To some extent, gypsies fit all of these profiles and work as a good combination. Very intelligent jesters at heart(Scholar), without a sense of the limits of their own physical property, mixed with a bit of old world swindling, story-telling, and pan-handling(Politician), perhaps guided by an overwhelming guiding force that lets them see the words, “I’m naive, steal from me.” in bold letters on someone’s forehead(Priest), and take advantage of the situation for their own ends(Soldier).
  18. Chinese Zodiac Animal-types
  19. Rat: Essentially charming. Compassionate. Renowned for thrift and love of family, at times rather superficial.
  20. Ox: Calm, patient, studied character. Takes things slow, steady pace. At times rather dictatorial. Always industrious.
  21. Tiger: Very warm, loving. Independent minded. Pays scant regard for other’s feelings while pursuing fun and freedom.
  22. Rabbit: Also know as the Cat or Hare. Very sensitive soul. Loves spending time at home. Although quiet and discreet, still ambitious. Self-indulgent.
  23. Dragon: Charismatic and colorful. Wants to be center of attention. Very arrogant.
  24. Snake: High moral principles, mostly when applied to other. Sophisticated and charming. More than meets the eye.
  25. Horse: Confident and proud. Prone to erratic behavior. Heart is in right place. Scatty.
  26. Goat: Sensitive, creative and multitalented. Eccentric. Much Fortitude. Loves to be loved, hates to be pushed.
  27. Monkey: Wily and cunning. Ignores regimented rules. Free spirit.
  28. Rooster: Brave and enthusiastic. Notoriously picky. Highly intelligent. Rarely has wool pulled over its eyes.
  29. Dog: Honest, loyal, sincere. Believes in justice for all. Fights for principles. Sometimes bad tempered, self-righteous.
  30. Boar: Will do anything for anybody. Model of sincerity and honor. Occasionally fits of rage. Self-sacrificing and altruistic.
  1. Carolyn Myss’s Archetypes:
  2. Included are many repeats, but kept for the sake of keeping her list whole
  3. Addict (Conspicuous Consumer, Glutton, Workaholic–see also Gambler)
  4. Advocate (Attorney, Defender, Legislator, Lobbyist, Environmentalist)
  5. Alchemist (Wizard, Magician, Scientist, Inventor–see also Visionary)
  6. Angel (Fairy Godmother/Godfather)
  7. Artist (Artisan, Craftsperson, Sculptor, Weaver)
  8. Athlete (Olympian)
  9. Avenger (Avenging Angel, Savior, Messiah)
  10. Beggar (Homeless person/ Indigent)
  11. Bully (Coward)
  12. Child (Orphan, Wounded, Magical/Innocent, Nature, Divine, Puer/Puella Eternis, or Eternal Boy/Girl)
  13. Clown (Court Jester, Fool, Dummling)
  14. Companion (Friend, Sidekick, Right Arm, Consort)
  15. Damsel (Princess)
  16. Destroyer (Attila, Mad Scientist, Serial Killer, Spoiler)
  17. Detective (Spy, Double Agent, Sleuth, Snoop, Sherlock Holmes, Private Investigator, Profiler–see also Warrior/Crime Fighter)
  18. Dilettante (Amateur)
  19. Don Juan (Casanova, Gigolo, Seducer, Sex Addict)
  20. Engineer (Architect, Builder, Schemer)
  21. Exorcist (Shaman)
  22. Father (Patriarch, Progenitor)
  23. Femme Fatale (Black Widow, Flirt, Siren, Circe, Seductress, Enchantress)
  24. Gambler
  25. God (Adonis, see also Hero)
  26. Gossip (see also Networker)
  27. Guide (Guru, Sage, Crone, Wise Woman, Spiritual Master, Evangelist, Preacher)
  28. Healer (Wounded Healer, Intuitive Healer, Caregiver, Nurse, Therapist, Analyst, Counselor)
  29. Hedonist (Bon Vivant, Chef, Gourmet, Gourmand, Sybarite–see also Mystic)
  30. Hero/Heroine (see also Knight, Warrior)
  31. Judge (Critic, Examiner, Mediator, Arbitrator)
  32. King (Emperor, Ruler, Leader, Chief)
  33. Knight (see also Warrior, Rescuer)
  34. Liberator
  35. Lover
  36. Martyr
  37. Mediator (Ambassador, Diplomat, Go-Between)
  38. Mentor (Master, Counselor, Tutor)
  39. Messiah (Redeemer, Savior)
  40. Midas/Miser
  41. Monk/Nun (Celibate)
  42. Mother (Matriarch, Mother Nature)
  43. Mystic (Renunciate, Anchorite, Hermit)
  44. Networker (Messenger, Herald, Courier, Journalist, Communicator)
  45. Pioneer (Explorer, Settler, Pilgrim, Innovator)
  46. Poet
  47. Priest (Priestess, Minister, Rabbi, Evangelist)
  48. Prince
  49. Prostitute
  50. Queen (Empress)
  51. Rebel (Anarchist, Revolutionary, Political Protester, Nonconformist, Pirate)
  52. Rescuer
  53. Saboteur
  54. Samaritan
  55. Scribe (Copyist, Secretary, Accountant–see also Journalist)
  56. Seeker (Wanderer, Vagabond, Nomad)
  57. Servant (Indentured Servant)
  58. Shape-shifter (Spell-caster–see also Trickster)
  59. Slave
  60. Storyteller (Minstrel, Narrator)
  61. Student (Disciple, Devotee, Follower, Apprentice)
  62. Teacher (Instructor, see also Mentor)
  63. Thief (Swindler, Con Artist, Pickpocket, Burglar, Robin Hood)
  64. Trickster (Puck, Provocateur)
  65. Vampire
  66. Victim
  67. Virgin (see also Celibate)
  68. Visionary (Dreamer, Prophet, Seer–see also Guide, Alchemist)
  69. Warrior (Soldier, Crime Fighter, Amazon, Mercenary, Soldier of Fortune, Gunslinger, Samurai)

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Questionnaires for Writing Character Profiles

Reposted from the wonderful folks at Creative Writing Now.  Below the article is their information for contacts, etc.  These are some great flesh-out questions for both authors, and in my opinion, readers to get better stories.  Enjoy!

Questionnaires for Writing Character Profiles

Here are some questionnaires for writing character profiles. You’ll find more fiction-writing resources at the bottom of this page. 
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Writing Character Profiles – Questionnaire 1 (Adult Characters)

  1. Name:
  2. Age:
  3. General physical description:
  4. Hometown:
  5. Type of home/ neighborhood:
  6. Relationship status:
  7. Current family:
  8. Family background (parents, previous marriages, etc.):
  9. Friends:
  10. Other close relationships:
  11. Relationship with men:
  12. Relationship with women:
  13. Job:
  14. Dress style:
  15. Religion:
  16. Attitude to religion:
  17. Favorite pastimes:
  18. Hobbies:
  19. Favorite sports:
  20. Favorite foods:
  21. Strongest positive personality trait:
  22. Strongest negative personality trait:
  23. Sense of humor:
  24. Temper:
  25. Consideration for others:
  26. How other people see him/her:
  27. Opinion of him/herself:
  28. Other traits, especially those to be brought out in story:
  29. Ambitions:
  30. Philosophy of life:
  31. Most important thing to know about this character:
  32. Will readers like or dislike this character, and why?

Writing Character Profiles – Questionnaire 2 (Child Characters)

  1. Name:
  2. Age:
  3. Birthday:
  4. General physical description:
  5. Hometown:
  6. Type of home/ neighborhood:
  7. Father’s name, background, and occupation:
  8. Mother’s name, background, and occupation:
  9. Brothers and sisters:
  10. Position in family:
  11. Other close relatives:
  12. Family relationships:
  13. Special friends:
  14. Enemies:
  15. Influential person or event:
  16. Grade in school:
  17. Attitude toward school:
  18. Grades:
  19. Favorite pastimes:
  20. Hobbies (music/art/reading material):
  21. Favorite sports:
  22. Favorite foods:
  23. Dress style:
  24. Religion:
  25. Attitude toward religion:
  26. Relationship with boys:
  27. Relationship with girls:
  28. Leader or follower:
  29. Strongest positive personality trait:
  30. Strongest negative personality trait:
  31. Sense of humor:
  32. Temper:
  33. Consideration for others:
  34. How other people see him/her:
  35. Opinion of him/herself:
  36. Other traits, especially those to be brought out in story:
  37. Ambitions:
  38. Philosophy of life:
  39. Most important thing to know about character:
  40. Will readers like or dislike this character, and why?

Writing Character Profiles – Additional Questions

  1. If your character has a job, is he or she good at it? Does he or she like it?
  2. What are your character’s bad habits?
  3. If you asked about his or her greatest dream, what would your character tell you?
  4. What’s a secret dream that he or she wouldn’t tell you about?
  5. What kind of person does your character wish he or she could be? What is stopping him or her?
  6. What is your character afraid of? What keeps him or her up at night?
  7. What does your character think is his or her worst quality?
  8. What do other people think your character’s worst quality is?
  9. What is a talent your character thinks he or she has but is very wrong about?
  10. What did his or her childhood home look like?
  11. Who was his or her first love?
  12. What’s the most terrible thing that ever happened to him/her?
  13. What was his/her dream growing up? Did he/she achieve this dream? If so, in what ways was it not what the character expected? If your character never achieved the dream, why not?
  14. In what situation would your character become violent?
  15. In what situation would your character act heroic?

Click here for more on creating characters and using character profiles.

 

About Creative Writing Now

Creative Writing Now was founded by writing teachers to be a supportive and friendly online space for authors and poets at all stages in their writing lives.

Our mission:

  • Educate – with high-quality courses and free resources for independent study.
  • Encourage – by maintaining a positive atmosphere and providing guidance for beginning writers.
  • Inspire – by sharing our passion for literature and writing.

 

Meet some of our team

Nancy Strauss
Founder and Online Courses Director

Nancy taught creative and expository writing at the University of Michigan before moving to the Czech Republic and then Spain. Since then, she has worked as an English teacher and consultant, published a book about online communities, and founded a content writing and translation company. She has an M.F.A. in Creative Writing from the University of Michigan and a B.A. in English from Oberlin College.

Linda Leopold Strauss
Contributor

Linda is the author of numerous fiction and nonfiction books for young people, including Drop Everything and Write!: An Easy Breezy Guide for Kids Who Want to Write a Story (E & E Publishing, 2010). In addition to her thirty-year career as an author, she has taught writing courses for the Institute of Children’s Literature. Linda lives in Cincinnati with her husband, Bill.

Cristina Viejo and Graciela Garcia
Web Designers

Cristina and Graciela are responsible for the new look of the Creative Writing Now website and created the woman with the laptop that you see at the top of this page. They are currently available for new design projects, including websites, illustrations, and other types of graphic design. Enquiries can be sent using the e-mail form below.

Legal information

This website is owned by William Victor, S.L. You can find the company’s legal information here.

Contact us

Questions? Feedback? We’d love to hear from you. You can use our e-mail form below to drop us a line, or write to us by snail mail c/o William Victor, Calle Viriato 2, puerta 639, 28010 Madrid, Spain.

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