Monthly Archives: July 2013

Random Humor

More random humor to get you through Hump Day.  Enjoy!

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Laser experiments may lead to faster computer chips

So long silicon: Laser experiments may lead to faster computer chips

Smarter America

Published July 29, 2013
  • faster electron transfer.jpg

    An optical laser pulse (the red streak) shatters the ordered electronic structure (blue) in an insulating sample of magnetite, switching the material to electrically conducting (red) in one trillionth of a second. (Greg Stewart/SLAC)

So long silicon! A small change in the design of a computer chip could soon lead to the creation of smaller, faster and far more powerful computers.

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory reported that magnetite, a naturally magnetic mineral — the most magnetic of all the minerals on Earth — was found to have the fastest-possible electrical switching time. Electrical switching, or moving a “switch” from a non-conductive state to a conductive one, is the process that makes our current electrical circuits.

The team of scientists used SLAC’s Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray laser and found that that it takes only 1 trillionth of a second – thousands of time faster than current transistors – to flip the on-off electrical switch in samples of magnetite.

The findings were published July 28 in Nature Materials, a scientific journal.

According to Roopali Kukreja, the lead author of the study and a materials science researcher at Stanford University, this project unveiled the so-called “speed limit” for electrical switching in this material.

Researchers say that when the laser pulse struck the sample, the electronic structure was rearranged into non-conducting “islands” surrounded by electrically conducting regions, hundreds of quadrillionths of a second later.

First, scientists hit the samples with a visible-light laser, fragmenting the material’s electronic structure at an atomic scale, which rearranged it and formed the islands. Following closely by an ultrabright, ultrashort X-ray pulse in adjusted intervals, they measured how long it took for the material to switch from a non-conducting to an electrically conducting state.

The magnetite samples were then cooled to -190 degrees Celsius, locking the molecular changes in place, according to Kukreja. Follow-up studies were conducted on a hybrid material that exhibits ultrafast switching properties at room temperature, making it more commercially viable than magnetite. Future experiments will attempt to identify other compounds and techniques to induce electrical switching, possibly creating superior transistors.

With a global search underway for new materials that go beyond modern semiconductor transistors, the LCLS x-ray could help hone in on processes that occur at the atomic size, according to Hermann Dürr, the principal investigator of the LCLS experiment and senior staff scientist for the Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences.

This experiment shows that although magnetite’s magnetic properties have been known for thousands of years, there is a lot that can still be learned, notes Dürr.

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What People Thought Vehicles Would Like Today

These are all pictures and illustrations of what people predicted future vehicles would be like today.  To me, beyond the coolness of the pictures, is the analysis of where they went wrong. You see, predicting the future does not usually work, because we are too fixed on how things are right now.  For instance, the clothing in the pictures is the most wrong.  Men don’t dress nice in suits all the time like they used to.  It is a way for futurists such as myself to look at the mistakes in predicting made before and try to avoid them.  Society, dress and appearance is likely to change just as much as technology.  The pictures also do not reflect a change in urban buildings or lifestyle as technology changes.  With that added thought, enjoy!


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World of Warcraft loses 2 million players since start of year

Game over? ‘World of Warcraft’ loses 600,000 subscribers

Published July 29, 2013

  • world of warcraft.jpg

    The game is still the market leader but its crown appears to be slipping. (SkyNews)

World of Warcraft, the massively popular online video game, has seen 600,000 subscribers leave in three months.

It means a total of nearly two million players have turned off since the start of the year.

Announcing its second quarter results, Activision Blizzard, which makes the dungeons and dragons-style game, said it now had 7.7 million subscribers. At the start of 2013, shortly after expansion pack Mists of Pandria was launched, it boasted 9.6 million. At its peak in October 2010, 12 million people were signed up.

Subscribers pay a fee or buy a prepaid card to enter the Internet-connected game world and take on quests alongside other players.

Despite the steady decline, World of Warcraft is still easily the world’s most popular MMOG (massively multiplayer online game). A new in-game store, announced earlier this month and allowing players to buy extra items, may also help shore up subscriber numbers.

Some paid-for online titles have struggled over the last year and dropped their subscription fees, casting doubt over the future of the business model.

Star Wars: The Old Republic was the most notable casualty. Reported to have cost several hundred million dollars to produce, it became free to play in November 2012.

World of Warcraft‘s subscriber figures come as Activison Blizzard revealed it is to go independent and buy $8 billion shares from its owner, French media giant Vivendi.

Activision CEO Bobby Kotick and its co-chairman, Brian Kelly, have personally stumped up $100 million for the deal.

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12 drinks on Starbucks’ ‘secret menu’

12 drinks on Starbucks’ ‘secret menu’

Published February 07, 2012

The Daily Meal
  • A Starbucks drink is seen on a table in New York's Times Square

    A Starbucks drink is seen on a table in New York’s Times Square April 21, 2010. REUTERS/Shannon Stapleton (UNITED STATES – Tags: FOOD BUSINESS) (Reuters)

Last August I had a revelatory experience. A good friend, and Starbucks non-enthusiast, had accompanied me to the local ‘bucks to pick up a quick drink. I ordered my usual, reciting the string of descriptors with the greatest of ease. And she… well, she ordered something I had never heard of — an Iced Grande Dirty Chai.

I was floored. How had she gotten this intel? And how had it evaded me for so long? And man was this drink good.

Naturally, I began to wonder about the other off-the-menu items I had been missing out on, and how many there were. As it turned out, quite a lot. Green Eyes and Double-Dirty Chais, Zebra Mochas and Crunch Berry Frappuccinos — an entire “secret menu,” revealed.

When I shared what I’d learned shortly thereafter, it sparked a flood of comments from fans and haters, former employees and current Starbucks baristas alike. Most were in fervent agreement about one particular point: These drinks and their oh-so-clever names are not universal, so if you’re planning on ordering one, you better know how to tell your barista to prepare it. (That, and to be prepared to pay a little extra for these special drinks.)

It’s a fair point. After all, as many eagerly noted, these drinks are largely the invention of customers and employees, and are not part of a widely recognized “secret menu” à la In-N-Out. And, as is common with this sort of word-of-mouth game, things tend to get lost in translation.

One man’s zebra mocha is another’s black and white mocha, is another’s penguin mocha.
Still, an impressive number of commenters chimed in with their own creations, making for an intriguing list of additions.

Cinnamon Roll Frappuccino

According commenter and Starbucks barista, Jonathan, this combination of Vanilla Bean Crème Frappuccino and cinnamon dolce syrup tastes just like the popular breakfast pastry.

Cookies & Cream Frappuccino

Per a commenter, this is a White Chocolate Mocha Frappuccino blended with java chips and a dash of peppermint syrup.

Marble Mocha Macchiato

Says an anonymous barista commenter, “The Marble Mocha Macchiato is a twist on the signature Caramel Macchiato. White mocha on the bottom with no whip, shot on the top and mocha drizzle.”

The Dirty Hippy

Prefer your Dirty Chai Tea Latte with soy milk instead of regular milk? According to one barista commenter, thats called a Dirty Hippy.

The Grasshopper Frappuccino

Recommended by another The Daily Meal commenter who identified themselves as a barista, the Grasshopper Frappuccino consists of a Mocha Frappuccino blended with java chips and peppermint syrup. “It tastes like mint chip ice cream and is a personal favorite.”

Apple Juice Orange Blossom

This combination of Tazo Orange Blossom Tea steeped in steamed apple juice (with no water), is what one anonymous The Daily Meal commenter calls “a perfect tasty tea alternative for us non-coffee drinkers.”

Click here for more secret Starbucks’ drinks

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Cute Dogs For Your Monday Blues – Dog Shaming

This is an occasional variant on cute dogs for Monday.  Today, dog shaming photos.  I have posted these about eight times and these are the last of them I have right now.  So, if you have some dog shaming photos, please feel free to send them to my email.  Enjoy!


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The Old Company Store – Now Called Student Loans

Tennessee Ernie Ford sang the tune, “You load sixteen tons and what do you get?  Another day older and deeper in debt.  St. Peter don’t you call me cause I can’t go…I owe my soul to the company store.”  You see companies would work you and pay you in scrip.  The scrip was good at the company store where you could buy food and other items.  The gimmick is that the more you work the more you got into debt.  You were basically a slave.

company store

Here is the new song for our generation – “You take fifteen credits and what do you get?  More indoctrination and deeper in debt.  St. Peter don’t you call me cause I can’t go…I owe my soul to the federal government.”

So how did this happen?  There are three ways colleges get money – tuition, grants, and taxes.  Public colleges want to grow just as much as private colleges.  To grow means more faculty, nicer campuses, better artwork, libraries and laboratories.  At some point, tax support competes against other things.  Parents and kids can only spend so much because they only have so much.  Enter the student loan era.  Have the parents and children go into debt so they can pay money they don’t have.  It increased college growth and tuition costs by 400 times the rate of growth of the economy.

Then the federal government looked out and realized that banks were making a profit.  The federal government likes to get taxes and not have to compete with the private sector.  So in 2010 – in Obamacare – yes the healthcare law, Congress and the President took away the ability of banks to issue student loans and had the federal government do so instead.  They said it would be more affordable for the students.  In reality, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau estimates that there 38 million student loan borrowers in the United States and the total debt load has passed $1.1 trillion. The Project on Student Debt has estimated that 66 percent of graduating college seniors in 2011 had some student loan debt, with an average balance of $26,600.

Bottom line – the federal government took over a program that was making $51 billion in profits each year.  That money now goes into the federal coffers.  But of course that brought down costs for students right?  Of course not, the government bureaucracy always wants more.  $51 billion that the greedy banks got is not enough, we need to raise interest rates on loans from 3.4% the greedy banks charged to 8.75% through the federal government.  That would have raised “profit” to the federal government to over $131 billion per year so they could spend it on more programs.  It would have also helped out colleges who get a piece of that back.


Students protested, so the benevolent Congress brought the rate down to 4% for a few years, with a guarantee it won’t rise over 8.5%.  Wow.  Now you are supposed to thank them for saving you.  There was once a huge differential between earnings of a college graduate and a non-graduate.  Now those differentials only exist in key fields.  Many technical schools are churning out high paid workers with little or no debt.  So the government understands that right?

Of course not.  The federal government is using its control over students to force them into fields and areas of its choice.  Want to pay off your medical student loans?  Ok, be a general practice physician in one of the underserved areas.  Or join Americorps or whatever new program we devise.  It’s the old company store.  Get your education from government, owe your life to government, do what government tells you.  Don’t want to play?  Then the IRS suddenly gets interested in your delinquent debt and all the tax consequences.

Any time the government tells you they are taking over a chunk of the private sector to protect you from greedy businessman, know what is going to happen next.


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